The following document places Sheriff Bradshaws brief answers In Context to the Questions which they are purportedly answering purportedly answering. His letter failed to provide such Context, so this document is so necessary so that those reviewing these answers may more quickly adjudicate fort hemselves that Sherif Bradshaw has entirely Failed to provide Honorable Answers to these most concernoing Quesstions.
Clackamas County
Sheriff's Office
February 1, 2000OffiFebruary 1, 2000Office of

Ris Bradshaw, Sheriff
... I'll begin with the questions posted in your letter of January 21st.
            Virtually all societies have moves a long ways from the ancient forms of law and law enforcement that you describe under item (2) of your letter.

((Insert from Item 2 of Jan 21st ltr:)
2 Townships, Constables, Posse-Constables, Posse-Comitatus.
            The traditional Anglo-Saxon Model for County Government is what America & Oregon Counties are based upon. It encourages smaller groups of "We the People" to carry as much of the burdens of the Community as possible. This includes "Administration of Justice" & Law-Enforcement/Peace-Officer Duties. The word "Town" is related to the word "Ten", & each was to hach was to have their own "Constable" - "Peace-Officer", who was also an "Inferior Judicial Officer". Ten Townships form a "Hundred Court", or in American terminology, a "Precinct". "Townships" & "Hundred Courts" are based on "Laws" which go back past to the Anglo-Saxons to even Moses, in Exodus 18 & Deuteronomy 1; referring therein to organizing the people to "Self-Govern" in groups of 10's, 50's, 100's, 1000's.
              The "Posse Comitatus" is to be organized under these Godly "Laws". You sir, are to be the leader of this organized group of "Peace Officers". In fact, it would be good for each of your Deputy Sheriffs to cross-pollinate out into the "Neighborhood Associations" so as to organize & possibly become "Constables" there-under themselves. This would all significantly enhance your authority in this county.
    &;          We respectfully ask you to recognize these Rights of those "Constables" which are self-elected by any 10 heads of households of "We the People", to perform "Community Care-taking Functions" as mentioned in ORS 133.033 but not dependant thereon, all so-as to assist you in the furtherance of your similar but larger "Duty" to "Conserve" the "Peace" as recognizable under ORS 206.010, but not dependant thereon.
&nont size=-1>            Hereunder, we respectfully ask you that upon presentment of signatures from the heads of 10 House-holds of self-election of a Constable, that your Sheriff's Office automatically issue a Certificate (as opposed to a "licence") to said "Constable" for both Un-Concealed & Concealed Weaponry Carrying, for entry into the Court-House while so armed, & for making arrests therein, when such is "Lawful"; & for admoni; for admonitions of deference to said "Constable" by all persons who may become concerned with his activities as in the same manner as your own Deputy Sheriff's are presently entitled to.)

I do not recognize the existence of "constables" as you describe, or the "posse comitatus".

In item three (3) of your letter you discuss emergencies.

((Insert from ItemInsert from Item3 of Jan 21st ltr:)
3 Emergencies Emergency Management Plan (Emergency Operations Plan)
            There is a US Senate Report No. 93.549, November-1973 in which "A Brief Historical Sketch of the Origins of Emergency Powers Now in Force" & "Emergency Powers Statutes" states as follows:
            "A majority of the people of the United States have lived all of their lives under emergency rule. For 40 years, freedoms and governmental procedures guaranteed by the Constitution have, in varying degrees, been abridged by laws brought into force by states of national emergency.  The problem of how a constitutional democracy reacts to great crts to great crisis, however, far antedates the Great Depression. As a philosophical issue, its origins reach back to the Greek city-states and the Roman Republic. And, in the United States, actions taken by the Government in times of great crisis have - from, at least, the Civil War - in important ways shaped the present phenomenon of a permanent state of national emergency."

              This problem has reached Oregon Law, as shown by the following:
            "State Ex Rel Madden V. Crawford (1956) 295 P.2d 174:
            ... under ss 1 of Art 7, as amended in 1910, the Supreme Court is the only court created by the Constitution itself; all other courts are to be to be created by legislative act. However, it was to prevent a hiatus in the administration of justice pending action by the legislature that the first portion of ss 2 of Art 7, as amended in 1910 was adopted."

            This problem has reached Clackamas County, as shown by the "Emergency Ordinance of Clackamas County" as presen>" as presented to the County Commissioners in July-August of 1985 by Sheriff Bill Brooks, & Adopted thereunder in 1-August-1985. At the end it states that it was adopted because
            "This Ordinance being necessary for the immediate public welfare, an emergency is declared & found to exist, & this Ordinance takes effect immediately."

            The Ordinance quotes ORS Chapter 401, which mandates that the declared emergency
            "shall specify the factors which warrant the exercise of emergency controls. The Chairman of the Board shall terminate the state of emergency when the emergency no longer exists."

            The "Emergency Measures" herein itemized are numerous & startling to those among us concerned with the "Rights" of "We the People" of Clackamas County . However, the most alarming seems to read on pages 4 & 5 that
            Such emergency measures shall include but not be limited to ... such ... as are found to be immediately necessary for the protection of life and/or property.

            For those delegated this authority, this seems to us to be effectively a blank check to do just about any thing they feel appropriate. Checks & Balances under the discipline of "Law" seem entirely demolished. We olished. We find this alarmingly distressing. Page 5 goes on to state that:
            Under the provisions of ORS Chapter 401, state resources are available when the appropriate response to an emergency is beyond the capability of the county in which it occurs, the county fails to act, or the emergency involves two or more counties ... .

            "State Resources" includes Money/Loans, & hereunder, we find a very powerful money connection, which in turn allows for corruption of "Law", & of such Public Officials as the County Commissioners & their Attorneys . Pages 6 & 7 go to state
            ... in accordance with ORrdance with ORS Chapter 401, the emergency management agency is the County Sheriff's Department, Office of Emergency Management; the Clackamas County Sheriff is hereby designated as the Director of Emergency Management. ... Specific duties shall include ...
            A: Develop, update, & revise the County's Basic Emergency Operations Plan. ...
            G: Recommend to the Board any ordinances, policies, or procedures which would assist the Board & other County officials in the performance of their duties in preparing for, responding to, & recovering from an emergency.

            Oregon Revised Statutes outlinestes outlines an honorable & "Lawful" policy for responding to "Emergencies". It reads:
            Emergency Management and Services (Generally) 401.015 Statement of policy and purpose.
            (1) The general purpose of ORS 401.015 to 401.105, 401.260 to 401.325 and 401.355 to 401.580 is to reduceu>is to reduce the vulnerability of the State of Oregon to loss of life, injury to persons or property and human suffering and financial loss resulting from emergencies, and to provide for recovery and relief assistance for the victims of such occurrences.
            (2) It is declared to be the policy and intent of the Legislative Assembly that preparat>that preparations for emergencies and governmental responsibility for responding to emergencies be placed at the local government level. The state shall prepare for emergencies, but shall not assume authority or responsibility for responding to such an event unless the appropriate response is beyond the capability of the city and county in which it occurs, the city or county fails to act, or the emergency involves two or more counties.

        Hereunder, we ask you for a copy of that "Emergency Management Plan" & that "Emergency Operations Plan", which seems to be entrusted to your offices.  We need to know what "Emergency" measures are presently in effect, & how they may influence "Freedoms & Governmental Procedures" under "Law" which have been "Guaranteed" to "We the People", & yet are seem; yet are seemingly "Abridged" by these "States of Emergency", as evidenced by the US Senate Report 93.549.  We seek to exhaust efforts at "Responding To" & "Recovering From" any present "Emergency" situations which are ongoing in Clackamas County; especially if they affect the "Administration of Justice", as the State Ex Rel Madden v Crawford "Hiatus" reference indicates.)

              This County now functions for emergencies under ordinance No. 17-98, a copy of which I am enclosing. At this time no emergencies are declared under the ordinance. Only occasionally have emergencies been declared, of short duration, in response to real or potential disasters, usually natural. The powers granted under section seven (7 ) have been used sparingly and have included subsections C, D, F, and H.

Court House securrt House security has be necessitated by real and growing potential of threats to human safety.

((Insert from Item 4 of Jan 21st ltr:)
            Court-House Security
            In times past, there was no sthere was no security screening at the Clackamas County Courthouse. This to us indicates that "Emergency" Legislation has "Supplanted" those older procedures for "Peaceful" entry into the Court House under Constitutional "Law". We see no other explanation for this present siege mentality to have become the "Permanent State" of affairs. We find it offensive that the Judges & others therein can no-longer Trust "We the People" to Come & go within Our Courthouse in a Peaceable & Public man; Public manner.
            We find that the seeming only explanation for this is because there has been a shift from Naturally Conscionable "Justice" under "General Law" being Administered therein, over in favor of a the advancement of a Private/Special Emergency/Hiatus Agenda which is detrimental to the best interests of "We the People" & has caused "We the People" to Naturally become Resentful, to whntful, to which those currently in control are responding by way of this new heightened & thereunder explainable paranoia.
            We respectfully ask that your personnel exhaustively search for All Written Evidence touching upon that Authority under purported "Law" which the older Constitutionally Lawful Security Procedures for the County Court-House have modernly become Changed to these newer heighteewer heightened Security Procedures; & that such copies of such Written Evidence be made available to ourselves & the General Public at free or minimal reasonable cost of copying. We ask that All such of this Written Evidence which may specifically tend to reveal whether these heightened Security Procedures for the County Court-House are being acted upon under authority of any form of "Emergency Ordinance", such as the "Emergency Ordinance of Clackamas County" of 1985 by request of Shequest of Sheriff Bill Brooks, be specifically similarly made available.)

The purpose of security measures is to facilitate, not limit, the legitimate business of people entering the Court House. The measures are not taken under the "Emergency Ordinance", but at the request and direction of Courts.

This is the entirtety of Sheriff Bradshaws Brief Answers to these most serious Questions.
The following similar document provides similar documentation to other Questions.